The present volume of Atlas Florae Europaeae is the second of four devoted to the large and diversified family Rosaceae and consists of only two genera, Alchemilla and Aphanes. For the first time, specified definitions and instructions for use of all the status categories are given in the present volume to gain more stabilized and appropriate usage of the mapping symbols. In addition, two new mapping symbols are introduced, denoting the status categories "probably extinct introduction" and "extinct introduction" for long-persistent occurrences of neophytes probably or certainly destroyed by human activities. The mapping territories have changed in two details, i.e. Luxembourg and Malta are now recognized as separate territories .